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      <journal-id journal-id-type="publisher">JOHS</journal-id>
      <journal-id journal-id-type="nlm-ta">Journ of Health Scien</journal-id>
        <journal-title>Journal of HealthCare Sciences</journal-title>
        <abbrev-journal-title abbrev-type="pubmed">Journ of Health Scien</abbrev-journal-title>
      <issn pub-type="ppub">2231-2196</issn>
      <issn pub-type="opub">0975-5241</issn>
        <publisher-name>Radiance Research Academy</publisher-name>
      <article-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">30</article-id>
      <article-id pub-id-type="doi">DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.52533/JOHS.2021.1504</article-id>
      <article-id pub-id-type="doi-url"/>
        <subj-group subj-group-type="heading">
          <subject>Infectious Disease</subject>
        <article-title>The Effectiveness of the Personal Protective Equipment Course for Medical Interns and Residents during the Outbreak of COVID-19 Pandemic in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia&#13;
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      <pub-date pub-type="ppub">
        <copyright-statement>This article is copyright of Popeye Publishing, 2009</copyright-statement>
        <license license-type="open-access" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">
          <license-p>This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) Licence. You may share and adapt the material, but must give appropriate credit to the source, provide a link to the licence, and indicate if changes were made.</license-p>
        <p>Background: Understanding the importance of personal protective equipment (PPE) use and its utilization to prevent the transmission of the disease is necessary among healthcare workers (HCWs), to achieve better healthcare outcomes for the HCW, the corresponding patient and the whole healthcare system. This study determines whether the PPE course benefits Saudi interns and residents in the scope of their work aims to determine and measure the level of attitudes, knowledge, and practices towards COVID-19 among residents and interns in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.&#13;
Methods: This is a cross-sectional investigation that was conducted in Saudi Arabia in different settings between July and August 2020. The study used a previously validated survey to explore the attitude, practice, and effectiveness of PPE for residents and medical interns during the COVID-19 pandemic.&#13;
Results: A total of 402 participants were included in the final analysis, with a mean age of 24.9---PlusMinusSymbol---3.6 years. Nearly half of the participants were male (53.5%) and residents (52.5%). Overall, 278 of the participants (69.2%) had taken the PPE course, with approximately one-third (30.3%) having taken it within the past three months. The mean knowledge score for those who took the PPE course was significantly higher (P-value= 0.004) than those who did not (6.8---PlusMinusSymbol---3.3 versus 5.7---PlusMinusSymbol---3.0). Additionally, taking the PPE course did not influence participants’ attitudes, in almost all tested aspects.&#13;
Conclusion: PPE courses are beneficial to medical interns and residents in their work scope against the COVID-19 battle and both medical interns and residents had good awareness and practice regarding the use of PPE.&#13;
        <kwd> awareness</kwd>
        <kwd> attitude</kwd>
        <kwd> COVID-19</kwd>
        <kwd> personal protective equipment</kwd>
        <kwd> practice</kwd>
        <kwd> outbreak</kwd>